# WindowsVBScript

# Flag

# 特殊符号

常数 描述
vbCr Chr(13) 回车符 \r
vbLf Chr(10) 换行符 \n
vbCrLf Chr(13)&Chr(10) 回车符与换行符 \r\n
vbFormFeed Chr(12) 换页符;在MicrosoftWindows中不适用。
vbNewLine Chr(13)&Chr(10)或Chr(10) 平台指定的新行字符;适用于任何平台。
vbNullChar Chr(0) 值为0的字符。
vbNullString 值为0的字符串 与零长度字符串("")不同;用于调用外部过程。
vbTab Chr(9) 水平附签。
vbVerticalTab Chr(11) 垂直附签;在MicrosoftWindows中不用

# 函数封装

Set regex = New RegExp
Set regex = CreateObject("VBScript.RegExp")
regex.Global = True
regex.MultiLine = True
regex.Pattern = "^\s*\n"
str = regex.Replace(str, "")

# 自动关闭弹窗

' TimeOut 单位为秒
Public Sub MsgBoxTimeout(Text, Title, TimeOut)
    Set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
    WshShell.Popup Text, TimeOut, Title
End Sub

# 数组转换为字符串

'数组转换为字符串
'Writer         Bajins
'Create Date    2019-10-22
'arrayName      数组
'separator      separator
'Example        ConvertArrayToString(array, ",")
Public Function ConvertArrayToString(array, separator)
    Dim elementString

    For Each element In array
        elementString = elementString + Cstr(element) + separator
    Next

    elementString = StrReverse(elementString)
    elementString = Replace(elementString, separator,"",1,1)
    elementString = StrReverse(elementString)
    ' 设置返回值
    ConvertArrayToString = elementString
End Function

# 获取对象的属性和值

' 获取对象的属性和值
'Writer         Bajins
'Create Date    2019-10-22
'obj            对象
'Example        GetObjectPropertieValue(obj)
Public Function GetObjectPropertieValue(obj)
    IF Not IsObject(obj) Then
        'Exit Function
        Err.Raise Err.Number
    END IF
    
    Dim kv
    
    For Each Propertie in obj.Properties_
       kv = kv & Propertie.name & " : " & Propertie.value & vbCrLf
    Next
    
    kv = "属性数量:" & obj.Properties_.count & vbCrLf & kv
    
    ' 设置返回值
    GetObjectPropertieValue = kv
End Function

# 获取系统信息

此方式完全不会显示CMD窗口(包括闪现)

' 获取系统位数
'Writer         Bajins
'Create Date    2019-10-22
'Example        GetSystemBit()
Public Function GetSystemBit()
    Set WMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:{impersonationlevel=impersonate}!\\.\root\cimv2")
    Set ComputerSystem = WMIService.InstancesOf("Win32_ComputerSystem")

    For Each System in ComputerSystem
        IF InStr(System.SystemType,"86") > 0 Then
            GetSystemBit = "i386"
            Exit For
        End IF
        
        IF InStr(System.SystemType,"64") > 0 Then
            GetSystemBit = "amd64"
            Exit For
        End IF
    Next

End Function

# 隐藏窗口运行

' 创建运行命令数组
commands = Array("D:\frp内网穿透工具\frpc.exe -c D:\frp内网穿透工具\frpc.ini")

' 创建运行命令动态数组
'Set commands = CreateObject("System.Collections.ArrayList")
'commands.Add "D:\frp内网穿透工具\frpc.exe -c D:\frp内网穿透工具\frpc.ini"

' 启动项键名称
keyName = "frp"

Set shell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")

For Each command In commands
    ' cmd /c运行之后关闭窗口,0隐藏运行,false不同步运行
    shell.Run "cmd /c " & command, 0, false
Next

' 注册表项
item = "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"

' 设置开机启动
shell.RegWrite item & keyName, WScript.ScriptFullName

Shell.Application

CreateObject("Shell.Application").ShellExecute "demo.exe","","c:/","", 0

# 查看进程是否存在

ProcesseName="rclone.exe"

' 查找进程
Set WMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:{impersonationlevel=impersonate}!\\.\root\cimv2")
Set Processes = WMIService.ExecQuery("select * from win32_process where name='" & ProcesseName & "'")

For Each Process In Processes
    ' 比较两个字符串
    If InStr(UCase(Process.name), UCase(ProcesseName)) = 0 Then
        ' 如果进程存在就不重复执行后面的代码
        Exit for
    End If
    ' 运行程序
    Set WS = Wscript.CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")
    WS.Run "rclone mount GDrive:/ x: --cache-dir F:\Temp --vfs-cache-mode writes", 0
Next

# Ping

Function Ping(strHostName) 
  Dim colPingResults, objPingResult, strQuery 
  ' 定义WMI查询
  strQuery = "SELECT * FROM Win32_PingStatus WHERE Address = '" & strHostName & "'" 
  ' 运行WMI查询
  ' GetObject("winmgmts://./root/cimv2")
  Set colPingResults = GetObject("winmgmts:root\cimv2").ExecQuery(strQuery) 
  ' 将查询结果转换为True或False
  For Each objPingResult In colPingResults 
    If Not IsObject(objPingResult) Then 
      Ping = False 
    Else 
      If objPingResult.StatusCode = 0 Then 
        Ping = True 
      Else 
        Ping = False 
      End If 
      'WScript.Echo "Ping status code for " & strHostName & ": " & objPingResult.StatusCode 
    End If 
  Next 
  Set colPingResults = Nothing 
End Function

# 监视网络连接

Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\.\root\wmi")
' 执行事件订阅查询以接收事件。事件订阅查询定义了要监视的托管环境的更改。发生更改时,WMI基础结构会将事件描述为调用脚本。
Set colMonitoredEvents = objWMIService.ExecNotificationQuery("Select * from MSNdis_StatusMediaConnect") 
Do While True 
    Set strLatestEvent = colMonitoredEvents.NextEvent 
    Wscript.Echo "已建立网络连接:"
    WScript.Echo strLatestEvent.InstanceName, Now
    Wscript.Echo 
Loop

# 监视网络断开

Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\.\root\wmi")
' 执行事件订阅查询以接收事件。事件订阅查询定义了要监视的托管环境的更改。发生更改时,WMI基础结构会将事件描述为调用脚本。
Set colMonitoredEvents = objWMIService.ExecNotificationQuery("Select * from MSNdis_StatusMediaDisconnect") 
Do While True 
    Set strLatestEvent = colMonitoredEvents.NextEvent 
    Wscript.Echo "网络连接已丢失:"
    WScript.Echo strLatestEvent.InstanceName, Now
Loop

# 设置壁纸

使用API触发图片文件右键菜单上的 设置为桌面背景(B)

Set shApp = CreateObject("Shell.Application")
' 获取文件
Set picFile = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject").GetFile("C:\Users\bajin\Desktop\CachedImage_1920_1080_POS4.jpg")
' 获取文件上的所有右键菜单项
' Set items = shApp.NameSpace(picFile.ParentFolder.Path).ParseName(picFile.Name).Verbs()
Set items = shApp.NameSpace(picFile.ParentFolder.Path).Items().Item(picFile.Name).Verbs()
' 遍历所有菜单项
' For i=0 To items.Count - 1
' Set item = items.Item(i)
For Each item In items
    ' 注意执行的脚本文件需要为简体中文编码
    If item.Name = "设置为桌面背景(&B)" Then
    ' If strcomp(item.Name,"设置为桌面背景(&B)") = 0 Then
        item.DoIt
    END IF
Next

# 刷新桌面

' 切换到桌面
CreateObject("Shell.Application").ToggleDesktop()
' 刷新桌面
CreateObject("WScript.Shell").SendKeys("{F5}")

Set WSHShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
' 切换到桌面
'WSHShell.AppActivate("Program Manager")
WSHShell.AppActivate(WSHShell.SpecialFolders("Desktop"))
' 刷新桌面
WSHShell.SendKeys("{F5}")

' 下面这两种方式没看出效果
CreateObject("shell.application").Namespace(0).Self.invokeVerb("R&efresh")
CreateObject("shell.application").Namespace(&H10).Self.invokeVerb("Refresh")

' 刷新桌面、任务栏、OSD(相当于重启资源管理器)
Set WSHShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
WSHShell.Run "regsvr32.exe /s /n /i:/UserInstall %SystemRoot%\system32\themeui.dll", 0, True

' 效果不太好,有时刷新成功,有时失败
Set WSHShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
WSHShell.Run "RunDll32 USER32,UpdatePerUserSystemParameters", 0, True

' assoc文件关联时会自动刷新桌面,可能报错
Set WSHShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
WSHShell.Run "assoc .=.", 0, True

' 重启资源管理器并恢复打开的目录,暂时不可用
Function RestartExplorer()
    Dim arrURL()
    n = -1
    Set shApp = CreateObject("Shell.Application")
    ' 遍历所有打开的窗口
    For Each oWin In shApp.Windows
        ' 如果打开的窗口为资源管理器
        If Instr(1, oWin.FullName, "\explorer.exe", vbTextCompare) Then
            n = n + 1
            ReDim Preserve arrURL(n)
            arrURL(n) = oWin.LocationURL
            'oWin.Document.folder.title
            ' 关闭当前打开的文件夹
            'oWin.quit
        End If
    Next
    ' 结束资源管理器进程
    CreateObject("WScript.Shell").Run "taskkill /f /im explorer.exe >nul 2>nul&start explorer.exe", 0, True
    ' 遍历并打开之前的窗口
    For Each strURL In arrURL
        'shApp.Open strURL
        shApp.Explore strURL
    Next
End Function

# 字符编码转换

' 将UTF8编码文字转换为GB编码文字
function UTF2GB(UTFStr)
    for Dig=1 to len(UTFStr)
    '如果UTF8编码文字以%开头则进行转换
    if mid(UTFStr,Dig,1)="%" then
        'UTF8编码文字大于8则转换为汉字
        if len(UTFStr) >= Dig+8 then
            GBStr=GBStr & ConvChinese(mid(UTFStr,9))
            Dig=Dig+8
        else
            GBStr=GBStr & mid(UTFStr,1)
        end if
    else
        GBStr=GBStr & mid(UTFStr,1)
    end if
    next
    UTF2GB=GBStr
end function

' UTF8编码文字将转换为汉字
function ConvChinese(x)
     A=split(mid(x,2),"%")
     i=0
     j=0
  for i=0 to ubound(A)
       A(i)=c16to2(A(i))
  next
  for i=0 to ubound(A)-1
      DigS=instr(A(i),"0")
      Unicode=""
    for j=1 to DigS-1
      if j=1 then
          A(i)=right(A(i),len(A(i))-DigS)
          Unicode=Unicode & A(i)
      else
           i=i+1
           A(i)=right(A(i),len(A(i))-2)
           Unicode=Unicode & A(i)
      end if
    next
 
    if len(c2to16(Unicode))=4 then
         ConvChinese=ConvChinese & chrw(int("&H" & c2to16(Unicode)))
    else
         ConvChinese=ConvChinese & chr(int("&H" & c2to16(Unicode)))
    end if
  next
end function
 
'二进制代码转换为十六进制代码
function c2to16(x)
    i=1
    for i=1 to len(x) step 4
            c2to16=c2to16 & hex(c2to10(mid(x,i,4)))
    next
end function
'二进制代码转换为十进制代码
function c2to10(x)
    c2to10=0
    if x="0" then exit function
        i=0
    for i= 0 to len(x) -1
        if mid(x,len(x)-i,1)="1" then c2to10=c2to10+2^(i)
    next
end function
 
'十六进制代码转换为二进制代码
function c16to2(x)
    i=0
    for i=1 to len(trim(x))
        tempstr= c10to2(cint(int("&h" & mid(x,1))))
        do while len(tempstr)<4
            tempstr="0" & tempstr
        loop
        c16to2=c16to2 & tempstr
    next
end function
 
'十进制代码转换为二进制代码
function c10to2(x)
    mysign=sgn(x)
    x=abs(x)
    DigS=1
    do
        if x<2^DigS then
        exit do
        else
            DigS=DigS+1
        end if
    loop
        tempnum=x

        i=0
    for i=DigS to 1 step-1
        if tempnum>=2^(i-1) then
            tempnum=tempnum-2^(i-1)
            c10to2=c10to2 & "1"
        else
            c10to2=c10to2 & "0"
        end if
    next
    if mysign=-1 then c10to2="-" & c10to2
end function
 
'GB转unicode---将GB编码文字转换为unicode编码文字
function chinese2unicode(Str)
  dim i
  dim Str_one
  dim Str_unicode
  if(isnull(Str)) then
     exit function
  end if
  for i=1 to len(Str)
     Str_one=Mid(Str,1)
     Str_unicode=Str_unicode&chr(38)
     Str_unicode=Str_unicode&chr(35)
     Str_unicode=Str_unicode&chr(120)
     Str_unicode=Str_unicode& Hex(ascw(Str_one))
     Str_unicode=Str_unicode&chr(59)
  next
   chinese2unicode=Str_unicode
end function   
 
'URL解码
Function URLDecode(enStr)
dim deStr
dim c,v
deStr=""
for i=1 to len(enStr)
    c=Mid(enStr,1)
    if c="%" then
    v=eval("&h"+Mid(enStr,i+1,2))
    if v<128 then
        deStr=deStr&chr(v)
        i=i+2
    else
    if isvalidhex(mid(enstr,3)) then
        if isvalidhex(mid(enstr,i+3,3)) then
        v=eval("&h"+Mid(enStr,2)+Mid(enStr,i+4,2))
        deStr=deStr&chr(v)
        i=i+5
        else
        v=eval("&h"+Mid(enStr,2)+cstr(hex(asc(Mid(enStr,1)))))
        deStr=deStr&chr(v)
        i=i+3
        end if
    else
        destr=destr&c
    end if
    end if
    else
    if c="+" then
        deStr=deStr&" "
    else
        deStr=deStr&c
    end if
    end if
next
URLDecode=deStr
end function
 
'判断是否为有效的十六进制代码
function isvalidhex(str)
    dim c
    isvalidhex=true
    str=ucase(str)
    if len(str)<>3 then isvalidhex=false:exit function
    if left(str,1)<>"%" then isvalidhex=false:exit function
    c=mid(str,2,1)
    if not (((c>="0") and (c<="9")) or ((c>="A") and (c<="Z"))) then isvalidhex=false:exit function
    c=mid(str,3,1)
    if not (((c>="0") and (c<="9")) or ((c>="A") and (c<="Z"))) then isvalidhex=false:exit function
end function

# 选择文件对话框

Function SelectFile()
    Set WshShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
    Set oExec = WshShell.Exec("powershell -WindowStyle Hidden -ExecutionPolicy Bypass " & _
    "[void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName('System.Windows.Forms');" & _
    "$dialog = New-Object 'System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog';" & _
    "$dialog.Title ='请选择文件';" & _
    "$dialog.filter ='All|*.*|PowerShell|*.ps1';" & _
    "if ($dialog.ShowDialog() -eq 'OK') {$dialog.FileName;} Else {Out-Null}")
    SelectFile = oExec.StdOut.ReadAll
End Function

Function SelectFile()
    ' GetStandardStream获取TextStream对象.参数:0输入流,1输出流,2错误流.
    ' "new ActiveXObject('Scripting.FileSystemObject').GetStandardStream(1).Write(f.value);" & _
    hta="""about:<input type=file id=f><script>f.click();" & _
        "new ActiveXObject('Scripting.FileSystemObject').GetStandardStream(1).WriteLine(f.value);" & _
        "close();resizeTo(0,0);</script>"""
    ' 打开对话框
    Set oExec = CreateObject("WScript.Shell").Exec("mshta.exe " & hta)

    StrLine = oExec.StdOut.ReadLine
    ' StrLine = oExec.StdOut.ReadAll
    If StrLine <> "" And InStr(StrLine, Chr(13)) > 0 Then
        ' SelectFile = Left(StrLine, Pos - 1)
        SelectFile = StrLine
    Else
        SelectFile = ""
    End If
End Function

' sIniDir 为初始化目录
' sFilter 为文件后缀 示例:"*.*,*.txt"
Function GetFileDlgEx(sIniDir, sFilter, sTitle)
    sIniDir = Replace(sIniDir, "\", "\\")
    ' Set regex = New RegExp
    Set regex = CreateObject("VBScript.RegExp")
    regex.Global = True
    regex.MultiLine = True
    regex.Pattern = ";|\|"
    sFilter = regex.Replace(sFilter, ",")
    DIM sf
    For Each i In Split(sFilter, ",")
        sf = sf & i & "|" & i & "|"
    Next
    sFilter = sf
    hta="""about:<object id=d classid=clsid:3050f4e1-98b5-11cf-bb82-00aa00bdce0b></object>" & _
    "<script>moveTo(0,-9999);" & _
    "eval(new ActiveXObject('Scripting.FileSystemObject').GetStandardStream(0)" & _
    ".Read("&Len(sIniDir)+Len(sFilter)+Len(sTitle)+41&"));" & _
    "function window.onload(){" & _
    "var p=/[^\0]*/;" & _
    "new ActiveXObject('Scripting.FileSystemObject').GetStandardStream(1)" & _
    ".Write(p.exec(d.object.openfiledlg(iniDir,null,filter,title)));" & _
    "close();" & _
    "}</script><hta:application showintaskbar=no />"""
    Set oDlg = CreateObject("WScript.Shell").Exec("mshta.exe " & hta) 
    oDlg.StdIn.Write "var iniDir='" & sIniDir & "';var filter='" & sFilter & "';var title='" & sTitle & "';" 
    GetFileDlgEx = oDlg.StdOut.ReadAll 
End Function


Function BrowseForFile()
    With CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
        Dim fso : Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
        Dim tempFolder : Set tempFolder = fso.GetSpecialFolder(2)
        Dim tempName : tempName = fso.GetTempName() & ".hta"
        Dim path : path = "HKCU\Volatile Environment\MsgResp"
        With tempFolder.CreateTextFile(tempName)
            .Write "<input type=file name=f>" & _
            "<script>f.click();(new ActiveXObject('WScript.Shell'))" & _
            ".RegWrite('HKCU\\Volatile Environment\\MsgResp', f.value);" & _
            "close();</script>"
            .Close
        End With
        .Run tempFolder & "\" & tempName, 1, True
        BrowseForFile = .RegRead(path)
        .RegDelete path
        fso.DeleteFile tempFolder & "\" & tempName
    End With
End Function


Function SelectFolder(default)
    Set objShell = CreateObject("Shell.Application")
    If IsNull(default) Then
        ' Set objFolder = objShell.Namespace(&H11) ' 获取当前计算机
        ' default = objFolder.Self.Path
        default = 0
    End If
    ' https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/windows/win32/shell/shell-browseforfolder
    ' 第一个参数:为对话框的窗体句柄,一般设置为0
    ' 第二个参数:为打开窗体的说明
    ' 第三个参数:0/1/2/3/257/4097/8193/12289/16385/20481只从列表进行选择(列表内容不一样),
    '       529没有路径输入框,513没有路径输入框和新建文件夹按钮,&H10(17)有路径输入框,
    '       &H4000可看到文件但选择将报错;
    ' 第四个参数:起始路径根文件夹,0/12/15/16为桌面,1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/13/14/17/18/19/20/21/22
    Set Folder = objShell.BrowseForFolder(0, "请选择一个文件夹:", &H10 , default) 
    If Folder Is Nothing Then 
        SelectFolder = ""
    Else
        SelectFolder = Folder.Self.Path
    End If
End Function

# 文件编码转换

转换编码和换行符

Set read = CreateObject("Adodb.Stream")
read.Type = 2
read.mode = 3
read.charset = "UTF-8"
read.Open
read.loadfromfile fdpath
text = read.ReadText(-1)
read.flush
read.Close
Set save = CreateObject("Adodb.Stream")
save.Type = 2
save.mode = 3
save.charset = "GB2312"
save.Open
save.WriteText replace(text,vbLf,vbCrLf)
save.SaveToFile fdpath, 2
save.flush
save.Close